Turkey,the homeland of civilisations...
A uniquely varied and beautiful country,Turkey spans the continents of Europe and Asia.Shaped like a peninsule ,the Asian land mass of Turkey is surrounded by the Black,Aegan and Meditarrenean Seas.
For thousands of years Anatolia has been the crossroads of history.It has witnessed the emergence of the Western Civilisations from the prehistoric periods to the peresent.
Turkey is known as the most historical rich country in the world,the homeland of 14 distinct civilisations ditributed richly on 4 main epochs of the ancient world.These cultures began from the paleolithic period and continue through Hittiteans, Urarteans, Phrygian, Lydians, Ionians, early Christians, Byzantines, Selcuks and Ottomans.
No other country display the abundance of its 12 thousand years of history with such dignity and hospitality.The cities of Troy, Ephesus, Miletus, Hattusas, Gordion, The House of the Virgin Mary,Antioch,and Mt.Agrı(Ararat)the place that Noah's Ark in Çatalhöyük,the oldest Neolithic settlement in Turkey, we encounter the oldest known city in the world dating back to 7000 BC.
An Indo-European people,Hittites,and their history is being reconstructed by deciphering thousands of cuneiform tables,including the Kades Treatry,the world's first recorded peace agreement.For instance.The myths and epics of Hittiteans trevaled extensively trough other cultures in the world.
Along Turkey's wonderous Aegean and Meditarrenean coast beast the hearth of classical culture.Here you will marvel at the wonders of countryside once described by Homer,Herodutus,and Strabo.Additionally,as a result of the cultural matrix of 12.000 yeras history,Turkey is homeland of unique examples of the world's artistry.With more history are archaeology,art history,architecture,hospitality and kaleidoscope of cultures than you could have ever possibly imagined.Turkey has been fascinating the world's travellers since 8.000 BC.
Geography and Climate
Turkey's land mass is 780.000 sq km,locatet on the continents of Europe and Asia are divided by Istanbul Bogazı(The Bosphorus straits),the sea of Marmara,and Çanakkale Boğazı(The Dardanelles Starits).Turkey is bordered by four seas wiht more than 8.000 kmof coastline.
Turkey is high plateau region rising progresively toward the east,and is broken by the valleys of about fifteen rivers,including the Dicle(Tigris)and Fırat(Euruphates),there are numerous lakes and some,such as Lake Van,are as large as inland seas.In the north,the eastern Black Sea Mountain chaine runs parallel to the Black Sea ;in the south,the Toros Mountains sweep down almost to the narrow,fertile coastal plain along the Meditarrenean coastal regions.
Turkey has 65 million inhibitants,41% of whom live the countryside.The major cities are ;Istanbul,Ankara the capital,Izmir,Adana,Antalya,and Bursa.
The Turkish population is 95% Moslem.Turkey is a secular state which has guarantees coplete freedom of worship to Christian, Jewish, Buddhist, Paganist and Non-Moslems throughout history.
Democratic Republic headed by a prime minister and president.